Vietnamese music is a part of Vietnamese history and culture. Vietnamese music reflects accurately the characteristics of people, culture, customs, geography of Vietnam, stretching through the history of the nation.

The Vietnamese music started from the early civilizations through archaeological discoveries of musical instruments and paintings in the cave. Over the feudal dynasties, the Vietnamese music scene has been characterized by clear and characteristic development. By the time of Chinese domination in addition to other foreign cultures such as India, Cham Pa … Vietnamese music soon have new influences and views, perfect harmony elements Influence from abroad with the inherent features of the traditional music, thus creating the traditional music of each region such as Xam singing, cheo singing, ca tru, cuckoo, cai luong Amateur, Hue royal music, Quan họ, …

Western music appeared in Vietnam in the 14th century. The French colonial period of the late 19th century specifically contributed to Vietnamese music being exposed to the styles and perspectives of culture. The West, at the same time continue to grow with its own characteristics. New Vietnamese music was born in the late 1930s with pre-war music and continued to give new tunes during the country split into two states: the Republic of Vietnam and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Red music was born after 1945 in the North with the emergence of many famous musicians, later becoming the backbone of modern Vietnamese music, while many new genres Like golden music, young music, blooming in the South.

After 1975, Vietnamese music began to learn a variety of styles from around the world. After the country opened in the late 1980s, especially when the first batch of professional artists were sent abroad to study abroad, Vietnamese music has caught up with world trends, The way and genre have not appeared in popular culture in general and music in particular in Vietnam. In addition, a large number of overseas artists contributed significantly to the development of Vietnamese music today. Modern Vietnamese music includes a mix of Asian, European, even American, and African cultures through increased collaboration of local artists with artists from all over the world. on the world. On top of that, Vietnamese music still retains the unique features of traditional Vietnamese culture.

Chèo
In the 15th century, King Le Thanh Tong did not allow rowing in royal court, as influenced by Confucianism. Cheo returned to the farmers, scripts from the story written in Nom. In the 18th century, cheo was strongly developed in rural Vietnam and continued to develop, reaching its peak in the late nineteenth century. Famous works such as Quan Am Thi Kinh, Luu Binh Duong Le, Kim Nham, Truong Vien appeared in this period. By the 19th century, the influences of the drama, the exploitation of some of the stories such as Song, Pham Download, or Chinese stories as the Han heroic. In the early 20th century, Cheo was taken on the urban stage to become civilized. There are some new books based on the fairy tales, Nôm stories such as To Thi, Nhi Mai.

The Red River delta is always the cradle of Vietnamese wet rice civilization. Whenever the crop is harvested, they organize festivals to entertain and thank the gods for the harvest. The main instrument of the opera is paddle. The drum was part of ancient Vietnamese culture, farmers often drummed drums to pray for rain and rowing.

Xẩm
According to legend, the Tran Dynasty, King Tran Thanh Tong has two sons Tran Quoc Toan and Tran Quoc Dinh. As a result of power struggle, Tran Quoc Dinh was killed by Tran Quoc Toan, blinded by blindfolded eyes and taken in the deep forest. Woke up, blind eyes so Tran Quoc Dinh crying and then fell asleep. The dream taught him how to make a guitar with strings made of forest wire and scraped with rods. Wake up, he groping for the guitar and strange, the echoes sound good to hear the birds down and bring fruit to him to eat. After that, the foresters heard the sound of the flock and found him. Tran Quoc Dinh teaches the poor, the blind. Rumors about his music spread to the palace, the king to him to sing and recognize his son. Returning to court life, Tran Quoc Dinh continues to bring the language, the lyrics teach people to earn their livelihood. Hát Xẩm has been born since then, and Trần Quốc Đình is worshiped as an ancestor of Xam singing in particular as well as Vietnamese folk singing in general.

Quan họ

He soon, she sings new relatives on the boat at Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi
The meaning of “Quan họ” is often separated into two words and then interpreted literally in terms of the “quan” and “their”. This led to the interpretation of the Quan họ derived from “court music”, or associated with the account of a man when passing through the Kinh Bac area was ecstatic by the singing of his immediately she was there and stopped Steps to enjoy (“them”). However, this interpretation has ignored the elements of space activities such as cultural activities (formal etiquette they make him two, sister forever life is only you, can not be attached to grace How to organize and communicate, the use of opposing terms in meaning and tone in folk cultural activities.

Hát Chầu văn
Hat chau van literature is the traditional singing arts of Vietnam. This is a form of ritual music in the worship of the four religions and beliefs worship Holy Tran (Tran Hung Dao), a folk belief in Vietnam. By using spiritual music. With serious lyrics, chanting is considered to be a singing form of sacred adoration. Literature originated in the northern delta. The most prosperous period of the singing was at the end of the 19th century, early 20th century. At this time, there were often singing contests to choose the singer. Since 1954, the choral chorus gradually became uninhabited because of being banned as superstitious.

Ca Trù

Tru singing or hat a dao is a traditional art in northern Vietnam incorporating singing along with some ethnic instruments. Ca tru prevailed since the 15th century, once a kind of court case and is loved by aristocrats and scholars.

On October 1, 2009, at the fourth session of the Intergovernmental Committee of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (28 September to 2 October 2009), ca tru was Recognition is an intangible heritage requiring urgent protection. This is the world’s most influential cultural heritage in Vietnam, covering 16 provinces and cities in the North. The Ca Tru nomination is a world cultural heritage with Ca Tru cultural space stretching across 16 northern provinces including Phu Tho, Vinh Phuc, Hanoi, Thai Binh, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh, Hai Phong, Hai Duong, Hung Yen, Ha Nam, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh and Quang Binh.


Ho is the kind of folk singing popular to life, is the culture of the Central and South. Originating labor of water, describing the feelings of the laborers.

During the moonlit activities, groups of boys go out, often chanting to find out about the girls. The relationship between the two parties responds to each other, the girl or a group will respond back then. On the river, when the boat is on the boat, people make love between two boats near each other.